The file below provides a short summary outlining some of the published papers for our senior chartered ergonomics consultant.
The white paper below was written in 2005 by Zaheer Osman but still contains a lot of relevant information about ergonomics in the office, Display Screen equipment and seating. The document summarises the following:
1) Relevant guidance, standards and legislation
3) Information on different seating concepts and their effectiveness
4) Other chairs on the market
5) The human body
6) The future of the workplace
We have conducted many train the trainer projects in manual handling and ergonomics. These are usually tailored to the actual tasks with both theory and practical elements.
The document below summarises the approach we take when developing manual handling and ergonomics train the trainer programmes:
A complete review of the DSE assessment process was conducted. This included implementing a policy, DSE champions, video development, literature development as well as posture and ergonomics training. The document below provides a summary of the project:
A comprehensive ergonomics assessment was conducted for a lead manufacturing plant which is summarised in the document below:
Many improvements were identified which reduced the risk to the operatives. A human factors review was conducted as a separate activity.
A detailed review was conducted of a food manufacturing production line which consisted of repetitive tasks. The summary of this case study is available in the document below:
Risk reduction was achieved through an effective rotation plan as well as postural training.
An ergonomics review of refuse workers was conducted. The refuse workers conducted their collections manually without wheeled bins or bin lifts. Their collections were largely bag based from the pavement. The case study is summarised in the document below:
A 95% reduction in manual handling injuries and absences related to the same was achieved through an effective ergonomic change programme being designed and delivered to the refuse workers.
The attached PDF titled ‘DSE Assessment steps and tips’ will allow you to understand some of the steps involved when conducting a Display Screen Equipment Assessment. We provide DSE training which will allow your organisation to become self sufficient in conducting DSE assessments and to become compliant with the DSE regulations.
Tips for DSE assessment available below:
Our ergonomists have developed checklists that can be utilised when conducting DSE assessments. There is a part 1 which is a checklist that can be filled in by the user or assessor and a part 2 which allows the assessor to note down the actions. Part 1 covers all aspects of the workstation including the chair, desk, display screen, keyboard, mouse and environment.
These have been provided below for you:
Hope you find the above useful.
Why use a Chartered Ergonomist?
Chartered ergonomists are usually labelled chartered ergonomics consultants by their employers. To be chartered with the Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human factors (CIEHF) demonstrates that the ergonomist has the following:
- A degree in ergonomics and human factors from an approved course (3 to 4 years of education)
- Has demonstrated proficiency in ergonomics and human factors through various projects
- Has been validated by peers through references
- Has an adequate number of years of experience
- They will have the post nominal letters of C.Erg.HF
- Fellowship is only granted to highly experienced chartered ergonomists who can then display the post nominals FIEHF (Fellow of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors)
Having said the above it is always important to select an ergonomist according to the relevancy of their work. This is easily demonstrated through previous work and references.
There are many professionals from other disciplines such as physiotherapy, facilities, psychology who claim expertise in ergonomics however they usually will have not gone through the years of study focussing solely on ergonomics and their experience may not be as significant, of course there may be a few exceptions.
Why use a Chartered Ergonomics Consultancy?
A chartered ergonomics consultancy is an organisation that has undertaken significant work in the ergonomics field. The chartered ergonomics consultancy will have gone through a rigorous vetting process by the Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors. They will have provided examples of projects in the various areas of expertise. They will have had to provide references from clients which will have been verified by the CIEHF. They will also need to have professional indemnity insurance.
Using a Chartered Consultancy will ensure the following:
- Good quality ergonomics work
- Employment of chartered ergonomists
- A valid track record
- Valid professional and public liability insurance
It is important to note the date when a consultancy was first registered as this is indicative of how many years of experience the chartered ergonomics consultancy may have.
IS being Chartered with IOSH important?
Becoming Chartered with IOSH takes a lot of effort and hard work. You usually have to undergo a separate degree in health and safety to achieve this. Only a few ergonomists can claim that they are also Chartered with the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health. CMIOSH are the post nominals that can be used and this would ensure that the ergonomist understands the context of health and safety that ergonomics sits in.
Is OSHCR registration important?
OSHCR is the Occupational Safety and Health Consultants Register. This is another accreditation that ensures that the individual you are working with is vetted and has the relevant insurances in place.
Visit the CIEHF website to help in the selection of ergonomics consultants and consultancies. Look at their date of registration to help evaluate the number of years of experience. Ask for previous examples of work and copies of their insurance certificates.
Using a chartered fellow of the CIEHF will allow you to work with the most experienced and respected ergonomists in their field. Working with a chartered ergonomist / fellow who is also CMIOSH (Chartered Member of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors) will be a great reassurance of working with an ergonomist with a rounded experience in the context of health and safety.
This will ensure you get the Chartered Ergonomist suitable for your project and enable you to achieve the best results in implementing ergonomics and human factors.
Workstation and Chair Set-up checklist
Here is a simple workstation set up guide which can be used to ensure people are set up correctly. We have compiled this through our many years of assessment of workstations.
Working posture: Sit ‘straight on’ to your workstation, head upright, shoulders relaxed, upper arms by your side, elbows at right angles just above desk height, forearms parallel to the floor, a 90 degree plus angle between your trunk and thighs (open angle) with thighs sloping
slightly downwards and knees slightly lower than pelvis, feet flat on the floor or a foot rest.
|1||Seat Height||· Elbows just above desk top with shoulders relaxed|
· 90 degree plus angle between trunk and thigh
· Feet flat on the floor, shorter users may require a footrest if desk is not adjustable
|2||Seat Depth||· Buttocks right at the back of the seat|
· Gap of three fingers from the edge of the seat to the back of the knees
|3||Backrest Height||· Small of the back adequately supported by lumbar support in the backrest|
|4||Armrests||· With shoulders relaxed and elbows at right angles, armrests should touch underside of forearms|
· Rotate, slide or adjust height of armrests to ensure they don’t clash with the desk
|5||Chair Tilt Tension||· Adjust tension to suit your bodyweight, when feet are off the floor you should be able to ‘float’ in the chair|
|6||Chair Tilt Lock||· Keep chair unlocked most of the time to encourage healthy movement|
· Lock chair in upright position for short periods when required
|7||Height Adjustable Desk||· Stand upright, shoulder relaxed and elbows at right angles|
· Set the desk height so that it just touches the underside of your forearms when elbow are at right angles
· Sit for 40 minutes and stand for 20 minutes every hour, this will give you the maximum benefit through postural change
|8||Keyboard||· Wrists in neutral, horizontal position with elbows at right angles|
· Keyboard directly in front of you at a distance to allow you to maintain relaxed shoulders
· Space in front of keyboard to rest your wrists on
|9||Mouse||· Mouse close to the side of the keyboard|
· When manoeuvring mouse keep wrist straight with the heel of your hand supported by the desk
· Remove hand from mouse when not using it
· Use keyboard shortcuts whenever possible
· If using mouse intensively then move keyboard to the side and place mouse in line with shoulders at forearm length with elbows at right angles
|10||Screen||· Approx arm’s length away from you|
· Top of screen should be in horizontal line of sight
· Screen should be directly in front of you unless you refer to other documents more often (copying from text, in case of touch typists)
· Control glare and reflections at source by the use of blinds
|11||Documents||· Should be placed to the side of the screen or between the screen and keyboard by using a document holder|
|12||Equipment location||· Most frequently used items should be placed close by|
· If right handed place mouse on your right and phone on your left and vice versa
· If using the phone very often a headset should be utilised
|13||Breaks||· Take shorter frequent breaks rather than a single long one|
· Take advantage of natural breaks away from your desk (i.e. filing, printing, making drinks)
|14||Healthy Movement||· Introduce healthy movement when at your desk (i.e. moving feet and legs, stretching)|
|15||Vision||· Rest eyes away from monitor by looking at distant objects|
· Ensure you are aware of eye test arrangements
|16||Reporting problems||· Report any discomfort to your line manager or occupational health department as soon as possible|
Our Head Office is located in the midlands and we have satellite offices nationwide ensuring the best coverage for our clients:
Tel: 0845 4757 697
Address: Adept Ergonomics, 26 Abbots Road South, Leicester, LE5 1DA